Incidents

The msvidctl Internet Explorer 0day

As you’ve probably already heard, there’s a dangerous vulnerability in Internet Explorer 6 & Internet Explorer 7 being exploited in the wild. The vulnerability affects Windows XP Service Pack 0 to Service Pack 3. Microsoft hasn’t released a patch yet, but they have provided a work-around.

Some people have simply recommended turning off JavaScript to mitigate this issue. However this vulnerability is a trivial buffer overflow which makes it possible to overwrite the SEH handler. Thus, heap spraying is not required and turning off JavaScript only mitigates attacks from less skilled attackers. I put a bit of time into researching this -it very quickly became clear that this vulnerability doesn’t rely on JavaScript, i.e. it can be exploited with JavaScript turned off:

The vulnerability allows arbitrary code execution and we therefore strongly recommend that you should apply the workaround from Microsoft’s advisory or turn off ActiveX altogether. Otherwise you will be at risk of exploitation of Internet Explorer 6 and Internet Explorer 7.

We’ve added generic detection for the actual exploit as Exploit.Win32.Direktshow and the often accompanying JavaScript as Exploit.JS.Direktshow.

(08.07, 15.04: edited to correct typo in the Service Pack information.)

The msvidctl Internet Explorer 0day

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Reports

Ferocious Kitten: 6 years of covert surveillance in Iran

Ferocious Kitten is an APT group that has been targeting Persian-speaking individuals in Iran. Some of the TTPs used by this threat actor are reminiscent of other groups, such as Domestic Kitten and Rampant Kitten. In this report we aim to provide more details on these findings.

Andariel evolves to target South Korea with ransomware

In April 2021, we observed a suspicious Word document with a Korean file name and decoy. It revealed a novel infection scheme and an unfamiliar payload. After a deep analysis, we came to a conclusion: the Andariel group was behind these attacks.

Operation TunnelSnake

A newly discovered rootkit that we dub ‘Moriya’ is used by an unknown actor to deploy passive backdoors on public facing servers, facilitating the creation of a covert C&C communication channel through which they can be silently controlled. The victims are located in Africa, South and South-East Asia.

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