Malware descriptions

Choose your preferred Fake AV

Isn’t it great when your forecasts come true? Well, sometimes. But maybe not this time. Today I found a malicious site specially designed to fake three antivirus brands. Kaspersky is top of the list. So, what does it look like?

In the past we’ve seen Rogue AV websites using fake screenshots made with templates but without any real interaction with the user PC. These fakes didn’t claim to find any infections – the victim was simply ripped off after paying for a useless product. Now, though, we’ve found a new version where the Fake AV simulates the results of a malware search.

So, how does the infection happen? There is a dropper (Trojan.Win32.Scar.fdiz) which downloads the Fake GUI required by the scam. The query is built with this rule:

http://X.X.X.X/fakeav/interface.php?av=[Anti-Virus GUI name]&lang=en

Here is the list of the files / brands on this Fake AV server:

Choose your preferred Fake AV

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Reports

Lazarus targets defense industry with ThreatNeedle

In mid-2020, we realized that Lazarus was launching attacks on the defense industry using the ThreatNeedle cluster, an advanced malware cluster of Manuscrypt (a.k.a. NukeSped). While investigating this activity, we were able to observe the complete life cycle of an attack, uncovering more technical details and links to the group’s other campaigns.

Sunburst backdoor – code overlaps with Kazuar

While looking at the Sunburst backdoor, we discovered several features that overlap with a previously identified backdoor known as Kazuar. Our observations shows that Kazuar was used together with Turla tools during multiple breaches in past years.

Lazarus covets COVID-19-related intelligence

As the COVID-19 crisis grinds on, some threat actors are trying to speed up vaccine development by any means available. We have found evidence that the Lazarus group is going after intelligence that could help these efforts by attacking entities related to COVID-19 research.

Sunburst: connecting the dots in the DNS requests

We matched private and public DNS data for the SUNBURST-malware root C2 domain with the CNAME records, to identify who was targeted for further exploitation. In total, we analyzed 1722 DNS records, leading to 1026 unique target name parts and 964 unique UIDs.

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