Malware descriptions

The IM worms armada

We’ve noticed an increase in the prevalence of Y!/MSN-aware worms. These rely on various social engineering tricks to lure the user into a malicious website. For instance, IM-Worm.Win32.Qucan.c sends messages like this:

The link shows a URL nicely disguised as a JPEG file. The actual page, which contains an encrypted javascript to avoid direct inspection, uses a combination of Exploit.JS.ADODB.Stream.e and a more recent MDAC (MS06-014) exploit to install the worm in the system. Unfortunately, even though a patch for the MDAC exploit had been released in May 2006, we have quite a few Qucan.c/Sohanad.e cases reported.

Of course, if you have Firefox or Opera set as the default browser, the exploit doesn’t work.

BTW, if you’re still – for some obscure reason – using IE, it may be worth checking v7, which was just released. It works only on XP+SP2, though.

The IM worms armada

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Reports

APT trends report Q2 2021

This is our latest summary of advanced persistent threat (APT) activity, focusing on significant events that we observed during Q2 2021: attacks against Microsoft Exchange servers, APT29 and APT31 activities, targeting campaigns, etc.

LuminousMoth APT: Sweeping attacks for the chosen few

We recently came across unusual APT activity that was detected in high volumes, albeit most likely aimed at a few targets of interest. Further analysis revealed that the actor, which we dubbed LuminousMoth, shows an affinity to the HoneyMyte group, otherwise known as Mustang Panda.

WildPressure targets the macOS platform

We found new malware samples used in WildPressure campaigns: newer version of the C++ Milum Trojan, a corresponding VBScript variant with the same version number, and a Python script working on both Windows and macOS.

Ferocious Kitten: 6 years of covert surveillance in Iran

Ferocious Kitten is an APT group that has been targeting Persian-speaking individuals in Iran. Some of the TTPs used by this threat actor are reminiscent of other groups, such as Domestic Kitten and Rampant Kitten. In this report we aim to provide more details on these findings.

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