Publications

Verizon’s 2020 DBIR

Verizon’s 2020 DBIR is out, you can download a copy or peruse their publication online. Kaspersky was a contributor once again, and we are happy to provide generalized incident data from our unique and objective research.

We have contributed to this project and others like it for years now. This year’s ~120 page report analyses data from us and 80 other contributors from all over the world. The team provides thoughts on a mountain of breach data – “This year, we analyzed a record total of 157,525 incidents. Of those, 32,002 met our quality standards and 3,950 were confirmed data breaches”. And this year, Verizon pulled in far more data on cybercrime breaches. We include a few interesting notes here:

  • 70% of reported breaches were perpetrated by external actors
  • a majority of breaches do not just involve a dropped trojan
  • 86% of breaches were financially motivated
  • 81% of breaches were contained in days or less
  • defenders are up against organized crime
  • almost a third of reported breaches involved ransomware

Verizon’s 2020 DBIR

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Reports

Sunburst backdoor – code overlaps with Kazuar

While looking at the Sunburst backdoor, we discovered several features that overlap with a previously identified backdoor known as Kazuar. Our observations shows that Kazuar was used together with Turla tools during multiple breaches in past years.

Lazarus covets COVID-19-related intelligence

As the COVID-19 crisis grinds on, some threat actors are trying to speed up vaccine development by any means available. We have found evidence that the Lazarus group is going after intelligence that could help these efforts by attacking entities related to COVID-19 research.

Sunburst: connecting the dots in the DNS requests

We matched private and public DNS data for the SUNBURST-malware root C2 domain with the CNAME records, to identify who was targeted for further exploitation. In total, we analyzed 1722 DNS records, leading to 1026 unique target name parts and 964 unique UIDs.

What did DeathStalker hide between two ferns?

While tracking DeathStalker’s Powersing-based activities in May 2020, we detected a previously unknown implant that leveraged DNS over HTTPS as a C2 channel, as well as parts of its delivery chain. We named this new malware “PowerPepper”.

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