Incidents

Spammers hacked pool

In recent spam mails we have often noticed links to *.html files with random names. Another trend is that the cybercriminals do not even bother to register domains for their dirty deeds, but simply plant their malicious code on compromised hosts. “Simply?” one may ask, and sadly the answer seems to be “yes” based on our observations.

For example, we have collected some hundred mails of a certain type promoting online software shops – a small portion is shown in the animated gif image below.

For example we have collected some hundred mails of a certain type promoting...

All of the samples stick out by virtue of the fact that they contain colored text/links which point to compromised legitimate websites. The links also show that the locations of the files are directly on the root URLs and not in a subfolder of some vulnerable application as we usually see.

We can assume that the intruders have ‘write’ access, at least to the www root of the involved sites – a very worrying fact. We have also confirmed that in many cases not only were the abovementioned spam links stored on the victim’s servers, but additionally, malicious iframes or javascript snippets were injected into the main content of the sites.

Another sample reaching us today just confirms that the cybercriminals are not sparing with the domains they abuse, and indeed seem to have a pool of unknown quantity at their disposal. The capture below shows a spam mail where each of the 12 links in the mail body points to a unique site. All of these sites also contain malicious code in their root which we detect as ‘Trojan-Clicker.JS.Agent.*’

Please do not attempt to visit these links shown if you are not sure of what you are doing.

Spammers hacked pool

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Reports

APT trends report Q2 2021

This is our latest summary of advanced persistent threat (APT) activity, focusing on significant events that we observed during Q2 2021: attacks against Microsoft Exchange servers, APT29 and APT31 activities, targeting campaigns, etc.

LuminousMoth APT: Sweeping attacks for the chosen few

We recently came across unusual APT activity that was detected in high volumes, albeit most likely aimed at a few targets of interest. Further analysis revealed that the actor, which we dubbed LuminousMoth, shows an affinity to the HoneyMyte group, otherwise known as Mustang Panda.

WildPressure targets the macOS platform

We found new malware samples used in WildPressure campaigns: newer version of the C++ Milum Trojan, a corresponding VBScript variant with the same version number, and a Python script working on both Windows and macOS.

Ferocious Kitten: 6 years of covert surveillance in Iran

Ferocious Kitten is an APT group that has been targeting Persian-speaking individuals in Iran. Some of the TTPs used by this threat actor are reminiscent of other groups, such as Domestic Kitten and Rampant Kitten. In this report we aim to provide more details on these findings.

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