Osama’s home videos and The ‘Advertising’ Botnet

Yesterday the US government released some home videos of Osama Bin Laden in his Pakistani hideout. Screenshots from the video were used for malicious blackhat SEO via Google Images. Many legitimate nginx-based Web sites were attacked and exploited by taking advantage of the CVE-2009-2629 vulnerability. The compromised sites were injected with the following script:

It leads to a malicious .cc domain site with an exploit for the CVE-2010-1885 vulnerability (the same vulnerability used recently for a similar
malicious campaign
). This is a real screenshot of the exploitation:

This time the criminals are doing more than pushing a FakeAV (XP Anti-Spyware and detected by KAV as Trojan.Win32.FakeAV.cxdi)

Their payload is a modification of Trojan-Downloader.Win32.CodecPack which is used by a botnet for advertising purpose. My colleagues – Maria Garnaeva and Alexei Kadiev recently published a detailed paper about it, which is available right here.

In addition to the above, if you visit one of the compromised sites with Mac, instead of malware it will redirect you to a porn site.

Osama’s home videos and The ‘Advertising’ Botnet

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LuminousMoth APT: Sweeping attacks for the chosen few

We recently came across unusual APT activity that was detected in high volumes, albeit most likely aimed at a few targets of interest. Further analysis revealed that the actor, which we dubbed LuminousMoth, shows an affinity to the HoneyMyte group, otherwise known as Mustang Panda.

WildPressure targets the macOS platform

We found new malware samples used in WildPressure campaigns: newer version of the C++ Milum Trojan, a corresponding VBScript variant with the same version number, and a Python script working on both Windows and macOS.

Ferocious Kitten: 6 years of covert surveillance in Iran

Ferocious Kitten is an APT group that has been targeting Persian-speaking individuals in Iran. Some of the TTPs used by this threat actor are reminiscent of other groups, such as Domestic Kitten and Rampant Kitten. In this report we aim to provide more details on these findings.

Andariel evolves to target South Korea with ransomware

In April 2021, we observed a suspicious Word document with a Korean file name and decoy. It revealed a novel infection scheme and an unfamiliar payload. After a deep analysis, we came to a conclusion: the Andariel group was behind these attacks.

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