Spam and phishing mail

No cause for celebration

Spammers were out in force for the USA’s Independence Day, celebrating the country’s diversity in all its glory, and illustrating Jefferson’s thesis that “all men…are endowed…with certain unalienable rights…Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness”.

First up was spam confirming the predictions of some security companies predicted that cybercriminals would celebrate the holiday with a spam run spreading Waledac (which we detect as Iksmas). What could be more life-affirming than a firework display? Unfortunately, the spam containing links to a fake YouTube video of the 4th July fireworks also pushed malware onto victim machines.

Next, the spammers exhorted recipients to celebrate freedom of choice by paying big bucks to a diploma mill:

And finally, why not pursue happiness by buying drugs online? This message linked to sites selling Xanax, Valium, Oxycontin and other prescription medications.

While you might get a temporary buzz (assuming the products are genuine) you may also find yourself with a nice little drug habit.

What price independence now?

No cause for celebration

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Reports

The leap of a Cycldek-related threat actor

The investigation described in this article started with one such file which caught our attention due to the various improvements it brought to this well-known infection vector.

Lazarus targets defense industry with ThreatNeedle

In mid-2020, we realized that Lazarus was launching attacks on the defense industry using the ThreatNeedle cluster, an advanced malware cluster of Manuscrypt (a.k.a. NukeSped). While investigating this activity, we were able to observe the complete life cycle of an attack, uncovering more technical details and links to the group’s other campaigns.

Sunburst backdoor – code overlaps with Kazuar

While looking at the Sunburst backdoor, we discovered several features that overlap with a previously identified backdoor known as Kazuar. Our observations shows that Kazuar was used together with Turla tools during multiple breaches in past years.

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