Malware descriptions

New Gpcode – mostly hot air

The latest Gpcode variant, which we wrote about here, is much less of a threat than its predecessors. The claims made by the author about the use of AES-256 and the enormous number of unique keys were a bluff. The author even didn’t use a public key in encryption, so all the information needed to decrypt files is right there in the body of the malicious program.

Our analysis shows that the Trojan uses the 3DES algorithm but the author dug up an off-the-peg Delphi component rather than going to the trouble of creating his own encryption routine. The Trojan’s code is pretty messy throughout – and very different in style to previous versions of Gpcode – which indicates that the author isn’t much of a programmer.

We’ve called this new variant Trojan-Ransom.Win32.Gpcode.am. Our antivirus updates include procedures for restoring encrypted files – so if you’ve fallen victim to Gpcode.am, just update your av databases and run a full scan of your machine. And because Gpcode was spread by another malicious program, P2P-Worm.Win32.Socks.fe, don’t be surprised if your antivirus brings some other nasties to light.

New Gpcode – mostly hot air

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Reports

Sunburst backdoor – code overlaps with Kazuar

While looking at the Sunburst backdoor, we discovered several features that overlap with a previously identified backdoor known as Kazuar. Our observations shows that Kazuar was used together with Turla tools during multiple breaches in past years.

Lazarus covets COVID-19-related intelligence

As the COVID-19 crisis grinds on, some threat actors are trying to speed up vaccine development by any means available. We have found evidence that the Lazarus group is going after intelligence that could help these efforts by attacking entities related to COVID-19 research.

Sunburst: connecting the dots in the DNS requests

We matched private and public DNS data for the SUNBURST-malware root C2 domain with the CNAME records, to identify who was targeted for further exploitation. In total, we analyzed 1722 DNS records, leading to 1026 unique target name parts and 964 unique UIDs.

What did DeathStalker hide between two ferns?

While tracking DeathStalker’s Powersing-based activities in May 2020, we detected a previously unknown implant that leveraged DNS over HTTPS as a C2 channel, as well as parts of its delivery chain. We named this new malware “PowerPepper”.

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