Secure environment (IoT)

Research

On the IoT road: perks, benefits and security of moving smartly

This year, we decided to continue our tradition of small-scale experiments with security of connected devices but focused on the automotive-related topic. We randomly took several different automotive connected devices (a couple of auto scanners, a dashboard camera, a GPS tracker, a smart alarm system, a pressure and temperature monitoring system) and reviewed their security setup.

Research

How to Attack and Defend a Prosthetic Arm

Like other IoT devices, the prosthetic arm sends statistics to the cloud, such as movement amplitudes, the arm’s positions, etc. And just like other IoT devices, this valuable invention must be checked for vulnerabilities. In our research, we focused on those attack vectors that can be implemented without the arm owner’s knowledge.

Research

Remotely controlled EV home chargers – the threats and vulnerabilities

There are lots of home charger vendors. Some of them, such as ABB or GE, are well-known brands, but some smaller companies have to add ‘bells and whistles’ to their products to attract customers. One of the most obvious and popular options in this respect is remote control of the charging process. But from our point of view this sort of improvement can make chargers an easy target for a variety of attacks.

Reports

The leap of a Cycldek-related threat actor

The investigation described in this article started with one such file which caught our attention due to the various improvements it brought to this well-known infection vector.

Lazarus targets defense industry with ThreatNeedle

In mid-2020, we realized that Lazarus was launching attacks on the defense industry using the ThreatNeedle cluster, an advanced malware cluster of Manuscrypt (a.k.a. NukeSped). While investigating this activity, we were able to observe the complete life cycle of an attack, uncovering more technical details and links to the group’s other campaigns.

Sunburst backdoor – code overlaps with Kazuar

While looking at the Sunburst backdoor, we discovered several features that overlap with a previously identified backdoor known as Kazuar. Our observations shows that Kazuar was used together with Turla tools during multiple breaches in past years.

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