Spam (unsolicited bulk advertising via email) made its first appearance in the mid 1990s, ie, as soon as enough people were using email to make this a cost-effective form of advertising. By 1997, spam was regarded as being a problem, and the first Real-Time Black List (RBL) appeared in the same year.
The development of spammer techniques
Spammer techniques have evolved in response to the appearance of more and better filters. As soon as security firms develop effective filters, spammers change their tactics to avoid the new spam blockers. This leads to a vicious circle, with spammers re-investing profits into developing new techniques to evade new spam filters.
Initially, spam was sent directly to users. In fact, spammers didn’t even need to disguise the sender information. This early spam was easy enough to block: if you blacklisted specific sender or IP addresses, you were safe. In response, spammers began spoofing sender addresses and forging other technical information.
In the mid-1990s all email servers were open relay – any sender could send an email to any recipient. Spam and other security issues led administrators to start reconfiguring mail servers worldwide. However, the process was relatively slow, and not all mail server owners and administrators were willing to cooperate. Once the process was well underway, security analysts began scanning for the remaining open relay mail servers. These DNS RBLs were made available, making it possible for, security conscious administrators to block incoming mail from listed servers. However, open relay servers are still used for mass mailing.
As soon as sending spam via open relay became less efficient, spammers began to use dial-up connections. They exploited the way in which ISP providers structured dial up services and utilized weaknesses in the system:
As a rule, ISP mail servers forward incoming mail from clients.
- Dial-up connections are supported by dynamic IP addresses. Spammers can therefore use a new IP address for every mailing session.
- In answer to spammer exploitation, ISP providers began to limit the number of emails a user could send in any one session. Lists of suspect dial-up addresses and filters which blocked mail from these addresses appeared on the Internet.
The new century saw spammers switching to high-speed Internet connections and exploiting hardware vulnerabilities. Cable and ADSL connections allowed spammers to send mass mailing cheaply and quickly. In addition, spammers rapidly discovered that many ADSL modems had built-in socks servers or HTTP proxy servers. Both are simply utilities that divide an Internet channel between multiple computers. The important feature was that anybody from anywhere in the world could access these servers since they had no protection at all. In other words, malicious users could use other people’s ADSL connections to do whatever they pleased, including, naturally, sending spam. Moreover, the spam would look as if it had been sent from the victim’s IP address. Since millions of people worldwide had these connections, spammers had a field day until hardware manufacturers began securing their equipment.
The share of spam in email traffic in 2017 fell by 1.68% to 56.63%. The lowest share (52.67%) was recorded in December 2017. The highest (59.56%) belonged to September. In 2017, the Anti-Phishing system was triggered 246,231,645 times on computers of Kaspersky Lab users as a result of phishing redirection attempts. Read Full Article
It often happens that inventions and technologies that start out good end up turning into dangerous tools in the hands of criminals. Blockchain is no exception to this rule, especially in its most common cryptocurrency incarnation. The attacks targeted employees of small companies, but such emails could be sent to any user’s personal mail. Read Full Article
On Monday, Jan 29th, IRS officially opened its 2018 season. Right after two days of the opening, we got phishing messages with a fake refund status websites. Read Full Article
This time of year is an ideal hunting ground for hackers, phishers and malware spreaders; disguising their attacks as offers too good to refuse, a concerned security message from your bank requiring urgent attention, a special rate discount from your credit card service, and more. Read Full Article
Our growing dependence on technology, connectivity and data means that businesses present a bigger attack surface than ever. Targeted attackers have become more adept at exploiting their victims’ vulnerabilities to penetrate corporate defences while ‘flying under the radar’. Read Full Article
In terms of the average share of spam in global email traffic (58.02%), the third quarter of 2017 was almost identical to the previous reporting period: once again growth was slightly more than one percentage point – 1.05 (and 1.07 p.p. in Q2 2017). As in previous quarters, spammers were quick to react to high-profile events and adapted their fraudulent emails to the news agenda. Read Full Article
In Q2 2017, the average share of spam in global email traffic amounted to 56.97%, which was only 1.07 p.p. more than in the previous quarter. One of the most notable events of this quarter – the WannaCry epidemic – did not go unnoticed by spammers: numerous mass mailings contained offers of assistance in combating the ransomware. Read Full Article
The threat from ransomware continues to grow. Between April 2016 and March 2017, we blocked ransomware on the computers of 2,581,026 Kaspersky Lab customers. In May, we saw the biggest ransomware epidemic in history, called WannaCry. Read Full Article
In late 2016, the Kaspersky Lab Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team reported on phishing attacks that were primarily targeting industrial companies from the metallurgy, electric power, construction, engineering and other sectors. As further research demonstrated, this was just part of a bigger story that began much earlier and is unlikely to end any time soon. Read Full Article
Over the previous weekend, social networks were hit with a wave of posts that falsely claimed that major airlines were giving away tickets for free. Users from all over the world became involved in this: they published posts that mentioned Emirates, Air France, Aeroflot, S7 Airline, Eva Air, Turkish Airlines, Air Asia, Air India, and other companies. Read Full Article