TOR (The Onion Router)

A system of specialized servers that enables anonymous network communication. A usual connection is established directly between a user and a server; a TOR connection is established through an overlay network consisting of numerous servers with data being encrypted at each server.

Trojan Droppers

The purpose of Trojan Droppers, as the name suggests, is to install malicious code on a victim’s computer. They either install another malicious program or a new version of some previously installed malware. Trojan Droppers often carry several completely unrelated pieces of malware that may be different in behavior or even written by different coders: in effect, they’re a kind of malware bundle containing many kinds of different malicious code. They may also include a joke or hoax, to distract… Read Full Article


Trojans are malicious programs that perform actions which are not authorized by the user: they delete, block, modify or copy data, and they disrupt the performance of computers or computer networks. Unlike viruses and worms, the threats that fall into this category are unable to make copies of themselves or self-replicate. The first Trojans, which appeared in the late 1980s, masqueraded as innocent programs. Once the unsuspecting user ran the program, the Trojan would deliver its harmful payload. In the… Read Full Article

Trojan Spies

Trojan Spies, as the name suggests, track the victim’s activities, save the information to the hard disk and then forward it to the author or ‘master’ of the Trojan. The information collected includes keystrokes and screen-shots.

Two-factor authentication

This refers to the use of two separate pieces of information to verify a person’s identity. This combines a static password with an external authentication device such as a hardware token that generates a randomly-generated one-time password, a smart card, an SMS message (where a mobile phone is the token] or a unique physical attribute like a fingerprint.