Steganography or encryption in bankers?

While looking over some potentially malicious
links from Brazil, I came across an interesting group of files. They
were of varying sizes but had similar structures.

First I thought this was some type of steganography. The files has a
jpeg extension, but were in fact bmp files in structure.

It was evident that they contained encrypted malware and some
additional data. After further analysis, I discovered that this was
a block
. As far as I know, this is the first time it has been
used by malware writers anywhere in Latin America. This is what the
malicious program looked like after decryption:

By using this technique, the virus creators kill several birds with
one stone. Firstly, it may cause automatic malware analysis systems
to function incorrectly: the file would be downloaded and analyzed
by the antivirus program, and given the all-clear; with time the
link will be exempted from checks altogether. Secondly, the
administrators of the sites where such encrypted malicious files are
hosted won’t be able to identify them as malicious and will leave
them as they are. Thirdly, some malware researchers may not have the
time or necessary expertise to deal with them. All of this plays
into the hands of the cybercriminals.
We have observed that the virus writers behind this specific attack
publish new mirrors with the files and new malware every 2 days or
so. So far, the encryption algorithm has been the same, but I’m sure
it will be changed after this post is published. This is the
decryption script for the current status:

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *